Biodiversity

Wildlife Research

One of the major focus areas of Nature Mates is to conduct well-structured research on wildlife, ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats, aimed to facilitate the use of scientific research to improve wildlife conservation, its proper implementation & management practices. We hope it will make people concerned about biodiversity conservation and create new generation of students interested about wildlife research and conservation biology. We believe in generating and sharing our learnings among those who seek to bring about a positive change in the field of wildlife conservation and research.

  • In collaboration with Presidency University, we are working on a WBDST project on “Studies of Butterfly Diversity and Abundance in Southern West Bengal with emphasis on Ecological and Biochemical Interactions”
  • In collaboration with NCBS, Bangalore and Forest Department we are working on “Insect Biodiversity Surveys in Buxa Tiger Reserve, Neora Valley National Park, Chilapata Range of Jaldapara Wildlife Division and Kolkata” of West Bengal.
  • Study on Hornbills at Northern part of West Bengal in collaboration with NCF and West Bengal Forest Department.
  • Study on Waders in Sundarban Biosphere Reserve.

Wildlife Census

Members of Nature Mates have voluntarily participated in different wildlife census with respective forest departments.

  • TIGER CENSUS IN SUNDERBANS in 1995 to 2018
  • WATERFOWL CENSUS in West Bengal from 1997 to 2017
  • CROCODILE CENSUS at Sundarbans, West Bengal in 2012
  • Tree Census; conducted at Rabindra Sarobar in the year 2015
  • A comprehensive tree census at Rabindra Sarobar Lake area. All the big trees of different species found were counted in 2016
  • All-India Synchronized Elephant Population Estimation during March 2017 at Gorumara National Park, West Bengal, India in 2016
  • Estimation of Lesser Cats at Sundarban Biosphere Reserve with West Bengal Forest Department in 2019

Environmental Impact Assessment/EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse. In today’s world, every small or big step towards development must accompany some thoughts of conservation that means sustainable use of our natural resources. We have a potential group of environmentalist and field biologists to assess the impact of your project on the environment and to help you plan the next step accordingly.

Biodiversity Documentation

In recent years conservation of natural resources has become an urgent need for our own survival. Before we conserve the question arises about prioritization, i.e. Why to conserve? Where to conserve? Ultimately, what to conserve? In order to make that decision, we need to gain a holistic idea of the resources and biodiversity available in an area. Thus, it is crucial to consistently document the diversity of flora and fauna for the assessment of its abundance, distribution, habitat preference, and potential habitat in different parts of India, also to monitor the gradual depletion of the biodiversity. We are lucky to hold a potent expert group to assess an area for different ecological factors including floral and faunal resources leading to proper documentation of the ecosystem.

Biodiversity Survey

We have carried out biodiversity survey for government bodies as well as EIA surveys. With the forest department we have carried out the biodiversity survey at Parmadan / Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary, Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary, Bethuadahari, Senchal, Butterfly Survey at Buxa, Haliday & Lothian Wildlife Sanctuary, Sundarbans; Survey of fishing practises and availability of various fishes from Indian Sundarbans
We have carried out biodiversity survey for several developmental projects like highway projects, alternative energy, windmill and solar power in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.

Nature Mates Surveys

  • Nature Mates have done the first biodiversity status survey of Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary (CKBS) for the Forest department for the sake of creating its first ever management plan. The survey was conducted for a span of one year in 2006.
  • Rapid Biodiversity Assessment for Mayapur Iskcon Temple Project, before creation of master plan, so that, in the master plan, provisions can be added to incorporate the existing biodiversity, even after development.
  • Night survey for amphibians and reptiles at Ffort Raichak, in Raichak, to create a plan for the tourists to enjoy the nocturnal biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Survey & Assessment near and around the road sections (Km 86+00 to 93+00 and Km 96+00 to 100+00) passing  Chincholi WLS and other area of the project road
  • Conducted Biodiversity Status Survey at Itachuna Rajbari, Khanyan, Hooghly district in 2016
  • Biodiversity Status Survey at Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission School, Narendrapur in 2016
  • “Monitoring support for Bird and Bat Study for Wind Power Projects in Sangli, Maharastra and Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India
  • Status Survey of Parks of Kolkata
  • Biodiversity Status Report of “Country Roads” in 2011, a residential property, mostly used as second home.
  • Biodiversity Status Report of Ffort  Raichak, a boutique hotel on the banks Ganges in 2011
  • Bio-diversity Status Report of Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary in 2013
  • Butterfly Diversity of West Bengal covering all the PA and non-PA Forest Areas (2014-2015)
  • Creek Mapping of Chulkathi Forest Block in Sundarban biosphere Reserve, South 24 Parganas in 2014
  • Bio-diversity Survey of Parks under Urban Recreation Forestry Division North Circle, in Jalpaiguri and Coochbehar Districts. Project report submitted with the publication of a book entitled “Udyane Jeebboichitra” by the Forest Department in 2014
  • Bio-diversity Survey of Parks under Urban Recreation Forestry Division South Bengal, in Kolkata, Nadia and North 24 Parganas Districts (2014-2015)

Biodiversity Gardening

Biodiversity gardening is gardening with the purpose of increasing the native biodiversity by planting native plant species which provide food for everyone: fresh green leaves for caterpillars, and floral resources (pollen and nectar) for pollinators and many more. Biodiversity gardening creates a home creating for numerous wild creatures.

Butterfly Garden Creation; A Participatory Conservation Model

Nature Mates promotes Urban Biodiversity Gardening as a measure to empower conservation efforts. To achieve this, we use butterflies as our ambassador species for such gardening. A butterfly garden is nothing but creating a habitat consisting of various indigenous floras selected with certain inputs from the already existing biodiversity of the place. After the plantation is over, regular monitoring of the place becomes essential to improve it to the next stage. Working with nature is a slow and continuous process. One can only wait and watch to see the result of their intervention over a period of time.

Urban Green Corners

Due to habitat loss and de-fragmentation, urban areas have lost most of its fauna as well as flora. Urban parks are that green corner which acts as oxygen cylinders for the congested urban concrete Jungles, where you can still find some birds singing in the morning, squirrels rattling throughout the sunny days. You can still feel how it feels to walk on the grass? Children learn how spotted owlet looks like or how a Garden lizard grabs its prey? The urban parks are the pockets where some biodiversity is still surviving, and we need to be very careful to protect them. We work on documentation of the bio-diversity of urban parks and help the respective authority to conserve their resources accordingly.
We also create specialised gardens with focal theme like Aroma Garden, NakxatraVanam, Medicinal Plant Garden, Dessert Garden, Aquatic Gardens and gardens with special requirements. All our gardens are mostly gardens of indigenous plants and with plants of foreign origin but have been well adopted by local fauna by now.

Why not start nature conservation in your backyard?